Stenosis is a medical term used to describe a narrowing or constriction of a bodily canal or passage, such as an artery, vein, airway, or spinal canal. The narrowing can be caused by a variety of factors, including congenital defects, diseases, injury, or the natural aging process.

There are different types of stenosis, including:

  • Arterial stenosis – a narrowing of the arteries, which can reduce blood flow to the body’s organs and tissues
  • Venous stenosis – a narrowing of the veins, which can lead to blood clots or other serious complications
  • Airway stenosis – a narrowing of the airway, which can make breathing difficult
  • Spinal stenosis – a narrowing of the spinal canal, which can compress the spinal cord and cause pain and numbness

Stenosis can lead to a variety of symptoms, depending on the type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and limb numbness or weakness. In severe cases, stenosis can lead to serious complications, such as heart attack, stroke, or respiratory failure.

Diagnosis of stenosis typically involves a thorough physical examination, imaging tests, and other diagnostic tests. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, medication, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery, depending on the type and severity of the stenosis.

Stenosis, narrowing, constriction, artery, vein, airway, spinal canal, blood flow, blood clots, breathing difficulties, spinal cord, pain, numbness, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, limb weakness, heart attack, stroke, respiratory failure, physical examination, imaging tests, diagnostic tests, treatment, lifestyle changes, medication, minimally invasive procedures, surgery

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