Septal Deviation, also known as deviated nasal septum, is a condition in which the nasal septum, the thin wall that separates the two nostrils, is displaced or bent to one side. This can cause a range of symptoms, including nasal obstruction, difficulty breathing through the nose, frequent nosebleeds, and even facial pain.
The nasal septum is made up of a combination of bone and cartilage, and it should be straight and centered between the nostrils. However, in many people, the septum is not perfectly straight and can be deviated to one side or the other. This deviation can occur as a result of birth defects, injury, or disease.
Septal deviation can range from mild to severe, and it can cause a range of symptoms, including:
- Nasal obstruction: One of the most common symptoms of septal deviation is nasal obstruction. This can occur when the deviated septum blocks the flow of air through one or both nostrils.
- Difficulty breathing through the nose: People with septal deviation may also have trouble breathing through their nose, especially when they have a cold or allergy.
- Frequent nosebleeds: Septal deviation can also cause frequent nosebleeds, as the deviated septum can interfere with the flow of blood and cause irritation and dryness in the nasal passages.
- Facial pain: In some cases, septal deviation can cause facial pain, especially when the deviation is severe and the cartilage is pressing against the surrounding tissues.
Diagnosis of septal deviation is usually done through a physical examination, where the doctor will examine the inside of the nose to look for signs of deviation. In some cases, a CT scan may be needed to get a better view of the septum.
Treatment for septal deviation depends on the severity of the condition and the symptoms it is causing. In mild cases, treatment may not be necessary, and the person may be able to manage their symptoms with home remedies, such as using a saline nasal spray. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the deviation and relieve symptoms.
The surgery to correct septal deviation is called a septoplasty, and it involves removing the deviated portion of the septum and repositioning it to the center of the nose. This can be done through an incision made inside the nose, and it is typically performed under general anesthesia.
In conclusion, septal deviation is a common condition that affects many people and can cause a range of symptoms, including nasal obstruction, difficulty breathing through the nose, frequent nosebleeds, and facial pain. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and to discuss your treatment options.
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